(Germany[?]: 13th century). 396 x 570 mm. (15 5/8 x 22 3/8"). Double column, 34 lines in a square script.

Mounted on thick, vellum-like modern paper. A few marginal notations and a line of text in Italian in a later hand, remnants of a stamp (probably from its use as a binding). Recovered from a binding and therefore quite browned and with the text on the back obscured by binder's glue, small losses to the gutter and the corners, but still a good, presentable specimen and very legible on the one side.

This bifolium preserves two pages of a monumental liturgical Pentateuch, or humash, containing the Hebrew Masoretic text and the Aramaic translation of the Targum, alternating verse by verse, with the grammatical notes of the Masora parva between the columns. Despite the losses sustained from its later use as binding scrap, this item has many positives: it is mostly intact, a bifolium and not just a single leaf, and comes from a desirable part of the Bible, relating the stories of Abraham bargaining with God for the people of Sodom and buying the burial plot of Makhpela for Sarah. Good early specimens of Hebrew script are increasingly difficult to come by.