(Rome: 3 October 1538). 460 x 300 mm. (18 1/8 x 11 3/4"). Single column, 28 lines in a papal chancery hand.
In a custom-made cloth box. WITH THE ORIGINAL LEAD SEAL AND RED AND YELLOW SILK TIES ATTACHED; several signatures and official notations on both sides; verso of document with the stamp of the library and archives of Señores de Moctezuma. A little light general wrinkling, some fading to the heavily filled areas of ink of the pope's name, a handful of small wormholes (a few affecting a letter of text), lead seal with minimal wear, but quite a good specimen, the text completely legible, the seal with a nice impression, and the easily damaged silk ties especially well preserved.
This highly desirable specimen from the papacy of Paul III survives with the original seal and cord intact, and with particularly attractive and dramatic calligraphic flourishes announcing the name of the pope at the top of the document. This Bull was written for Johannes de Valesco, archdeacon of the church of Virbiesca (i.e. Briviesca) in Northern Spain, and discusses the history of his position as well confirming its benefits and privileges. Paul III (r. 1534-49) came to power during a tumultuous period for Catholicism, convening the Council of Trent in 1545 and leading the Counter-Reformation against the spread of Protestantism, but he is also known for his patronage of the arts. It was during his reign that Michelangelo completed several masterpieces, including the Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel, the Crucifixion of St. Peter and the Conversion of St. Paul in the Pauline Chapel, and plans for St. Peter's Basilica. The Papal Bull takes its name from the lead seals called "bullae." Apart from the rare Solemn Privilege (like Innocent III's famous granting of England in 1214 to his involuntary vassal King John), there are three other categories of Papal Bulls: Simple Privileges (also called Solemn Letters), Mandates (which have seals attached by hemp, not silk), and Letters of Grace, which confirm privileges and rights--the present item being from the final type. (ST15036)
Add to Cart Price: $4,500.00
PJP Catalog: 74.020