(France: first half of 14th century). 110 x 82 mm. (4 3/8 x 3 1/4"). Single column, 12 lines in a gothic book hand.

Line enders in pink and blue with gold accents, each leaf with one or more one-line initials in blue with red penwork or gold with blue penwork, each leaf with one two line initial painted pink or blue, filled with painted floral motifs, and TWO INHABITED BY HUMAN FACES, and on a gold ground, one side of each leaf with A FULL BORDER composed of pink and blue tendrils accompanied by spikey gold decoration and gold accents, often terminating in ivy leaves, and incorporating EXTRAORDINARILY CHARMING EXAMPLES OF MARGINALIA, INCLUDING ANIMALS, HUMAN HEADS, AND HUMAN-BEAST HYBRIDS. ◆Vellum a little soiled and with a few small stains (one leaf with more obvious soiling), varying degrees of smudging (two leaves with more noticeable smudging affecting some of the text and decoration), another leaf with two of the human heads slightly rubbed, but all other examples of marginalia very well preserved, and paint quite fresh and the gold sparkling.

Though diminutive in size, these leaves contain enormously appealing marginal decoration in the form of humans, animals, and hybrid creatures inventively incorporated into the lively borders in manners that range from adorable to bizarre. Especially popular in Flanders, Northern France, and England during the 13th and 14th centuries, marginalia such as these comprise some of the most memorable and entertaining images to be found in any Medieval manuscripts. Despite being found largely in religious books such as Psalters and Books of Hours, the images are often strange, humorous, or even outrageous, and they provide us with consistent delight. Being by definition outside of the central text or miniature, the margins seem to have been a place where illuminators felt more at ease to experiment, resulting in highly imaginative and unique artistic expressions. The present specimens come from a fragmentary manuscript, with many leaves either missing or rendered defective where portions of the vellum were cut away. Fortunately, this group of leaves is intact and retains much marvelous imagery, including several animals (a dog, a bird, a squirrel, and a large hare), human and bestial heads capping the ends of border tendrils (many with a memorable detail such as a bushy beard, a massive gold horn, or wearing a tall, pointy hat) including the torso of a person holding a long, antler-like club, and colorful human-beast hybrids. A couple of these leaves also have initials inhabited by charming little human faces. For additional leaves from this same manuscript at different price points, please check our website.

Price: $3,500.00